- Olga Zbarskaya, Ph.D
Decision making is based on the following techniques: comparison of advantages against weaknesses, prioritization, and exploration of choices to find the best fit. Brain function during the decision-making process has been the subject of extensive research for a long time. The executive center of the brain, which is composed of the anterior and lateral areas of the prefrontal cortex, participates in decision-making, planning, and abstract reasoning. Decision-making styles vary from authoritarian and conceptual to analytical and behavioral. The analytical style involves identifying the best alternative based on meticulous observation. Behavioral decision making is based on explanations and negotiations. The conceptual style comprises a higher-risk strategy with creative association.
A well-structured question is the starting point of a good decision. The possibility of failure can be reduced when expertise is gathered via the accumulation of thorough information. The scope and depth of a given process will determine the exact balance between instinct and analysis, and between cost and impact. A comprehensive investigation of available choices leads to the best decisions. A complex appraisal of various conditions, surroundings, and potential risks should be followed by a plan of action to diminish negative consequences. Actual and potential risks need to be accurately analyzed, even under pressure. When a complex issue occurs, the probability of possible outcomes and consistencies need to be estimated. Visually representing an issue by means such as making a decision tree, table, or graph is helpful when attempting to lay out a situation.
Every decision you make shapes your life. Even simple solutions are measurable decisions made based on facts, analysis, reasoning, rules, and safety principles. Usually, these decisions do not involve emotions, contradictions, or a high risk. Overly analytical thinkers are preoccupied with finding the right decision through rationalization and repetitive logical explanations. Impulsive decisions based on overreaction involve feelings and may cause regrets. Hypervigilant decisions are spontaneous and frequently not fruitful. Cautious multifaceted decision-making involves precisely defining a problem and accomplishment, various perspectives, multiple options, comprehensive information, awareness of biases and sentiments, and thorough purpose.
This type of decision making is safe and productive. Implementation of solution and assessment of its impact is an important stage for all types of making decisions. Critical and creative thinking should be viewed as a process. The procedure of critical thinking includes justifying opinions, comparing ideas, and evaluating experiences, reflection, reasoning, and conceptualization. The credibility of arguments is fundamental for critical thinking. Conceiving of valuable ideas and applying them to various contexts define creativity. Creative thinking relates to meta-cognition—the capacity to maintain self-regulation, self-awareness, and self-evaluation.
We can raise the confidence and improve an ability to make wise and original choices. Experience-based wisdom and imagination help us envision an ideal future and make a plan for how to get there. Confidence combined with knowledge and abilities boost creative thinking and promote great choices. Struggles and damages related to a decision-making process can be minimized by utilizing great decision-making techniques and raising self-confidence.
[Zbarskaya, O. (2016).Brainstorm! Practice for Unrestricted Imagination and Original Thought. Praeger – ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, CA]